Antennas

Discussion in 'Wireless & RF Design' started by srinipadma45, Apr 28, 2008.

  1. srinipadma45

    Thread Starter New Member

    Mar 7, 2008
    7
    0
    With regards to straight antennas and coiled antennas. Which one is better/more efficient at receiving, and why? Which one is better/more efficient at broadcasting, and why?
     
  2. beenthere

    Retired Moderator

    Apr 20, 2004
    15,815
    282
    That is not really the way it works. Take a look at this site - http://www.analyzemath.com/antenna_tutorials/antenna_polarization.html.

    If your antenna is motionless, then a receive antenna oriented in the same plane is most efficient. A spiral antenna is used to receive a circularly polarized signal. Receive antenna efficiency is determined by how resonant the structure is with the RF energy it has been designed to receive.

    Efficiency in transmitting (not "broadcasting") mostly has to do with how closely the antenna impedance matches the transmitter impedance.
     
  3. bertus

    Administrator

    Apr 5, 2008
    15,648
    2,348
    Hello,

    There are a lot of types of antenna's. On this page there are links to pages with antenna's.
    http://www.educypedia.be/electronics/antennatypes.htm
    Some are better for transmitting and others are better for recieving.
    For transmitting the matching of the transmitter and the antenna is very important, you want to have all the power to go to the antenna.

    Greetings,
    Bertus
     
  4. omnispace

    Member

    Jul 25, 2007
    27
    0
    I think a coiled antenna can be made smaller than a straight antenna, because the coil acts like an inductor in series with the antenna. This causes the antenna to be tuned to a lower frequency than a straight antenna of the same length.
     
  5. subtech

    Senior Member

    Nov 21, 2006
    123
    4
    Antennas are a science unto themselves. They are for some of us, a most interesting subject. A google search for "antenna design basics" will yield many useful links.
    Here is also a good place to start: http://www.ac6v.com/antprojects.htm#theory
     
  6. Gadget

    Distinguished Member

    Jan 10, 2006
    613
    0
    Generally a full size 1/4 wave whip will work better than a "loaded" 1/4 whip.... one made shorter by helically winding and tuning a length of wire on a fibreglass whip.
    They will both tune the same frequency, and the transmitter will see little difference, but by virtue of a reduced "Capture" area, the helical will not perform as well. It will also have a narrower Bandwidth.
     
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