# A.C. Capacitor circuit problem

Discussion in 'General Electronics Chat' started by uzair, Dec 26, 2007.

1. ### uzair Thread Starter Active Member

Dec 26, 2007
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In the A.C. circuit,whether the capacitor is charged when voltage changes its magnitude or when it changes its cycle?

May 16, 2005
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Nov 17, 2003
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4. ### uzair Thread Starter Active Member

Dec 26, 2007
110
0
I have read the relevant topic and still confused about this following line:-"Remember, the current through a capacitor is a reaction against the change in voltage across it."I am trying to know that whether the "change" which is described in the line is the cycle change or just instantaneous change.If it is for the instantaneous change,why the current can not flow in a D.C. circuit?

5. ### Dave Retired Moderator

Nov 17, 2003
6,960
147
It is the instantaneous change, as denoted by the dE/dt term in the capacitor-current equation at the top of the page. If the instantaneous change in the voltage across the capacitor, dE/dt, is non-zero then for a capacitor of capacitance, C, then the current i will be a non-zero value.

In a DC circuit the capacitor acts like an open circuit - dE/dt $\rightarrow$ 0, therefore i $\rightarrow$ 0.

Dave

6. ### uzair Thread Starter Active Member

Dec 26, 2007
110
0
Thanks a lot for your help.